Quick Answer: Who Is The Father Of IPC?

When was IPC established?

1860The IPC was enacted in 1860, while the Indian Evidence Act came into effect in 1872 and the CrPC in 1973..

What is a zero FIR?

Zero FIR is a FIR lodged in any police station irrespective of the location of incidence or jurisdiction. The FIR is later transferred to the jurisdictional police station.

Is IPC and CrPC same?

The IPC provides a substantive list of all crimes and lays down the punishment for each one of them. The primary goal of CrPC is to consolidate the criminal law in the country. … The Indian Penal Code is a substantive law whereas, the Code of Criminal Procedure is procedural law.

What are the 7 types of law?

Terms in this set (7)The Constitution. supreme body of laws that govern our country.Statutory law. written or codified law such as legislative acts, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something.Common or Case Law. … Civil Law (Private law) … Criminal Law. … Equity Law. … Administrative Law.

What are the 4 types of law?

These four sources of law are the United States Constitution, federal and state statutes, administrative regulations, and case law. Each country’s legal system has its own sources of law, but for those systems that enact Constitutions, the Constitutions are the most fundamental of the sources of law.

What is crime under IPC?

Meaning of crime in Indian Penal Code has been highlighted as the commission of an act prohibited by law of the land. … Crime means wrongs done by human beings. It authorizes the infliction of State punishment. A person shall be guilty of a crime under Indian Penal Code if he has mens rea and actus reus concurrently.

Where are laws written in India?

Each State Government has the freedom to draft its own laws on subjects classified as state subjects. Laws passed by the Parliament of India and other pre-existing central laws on subjects classified as central subjects are binding on all citizens.

Who wrote IPC and CrPC?

MacaulayAnyone who knows a smattering of Indian history should know about the Law Commission (Macaulay was chairman) of 1834, the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860 and the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), 1861. In spite of amendments, the core of the IPC, 1860, is still in the statute books.

What is IPC and CrPC?

The Indian Penal Code is a substantive law[1], whereas the Criminal Procedure Code is procedural law.[2] The Indian Penal Code states various crimes and classifies them into multiple categories. The Code also prescribes the penalties and the punishment for the respective crimes.

How many sections is IPC?

576Sections in IPC (576 total)

Who drafted Indian Penal Code 1860?

Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay is often abused for his “Minute on Education”. Sometimes, his poem Horatius is quoted. Rarely, is he given the credit for drafting IPC, quite a phenomenal task then. However, section 125 is not Macaulay’s doing.

What is 304 A IPC?

1. [304A. Causing death by negligence. –Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.]

What is Article 302 in Indian law?

Whoever commits murder shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine.

When was CrPC last amended?

The CrPC was created for the first time ever in 1882 and then amended in 1898, then according to the 41st Law Commission report in 1973.

How many sections are there in Indian law?

At Present, Indian Penal Code consists of 511 section divided into 23 chapters.